Since 1993 the european farmes are supported rather by direct subsidies than through guaranteed prices. This development continued with the Agenda 2000 and the reforms from 2003. The amount of the aids depends on the farmers tilled soil. Exceptions are made for some crops. The european member states are obliged to implement an Integrated Administrative and Control Systems (IACS) to properly manage and control the claims for crop - and animal – subsidies. Key elements of IACS are an integrated database with all informationen needed for the request procedure.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies and programmes. It represents 42% of the EU's budget, €55 billion in 2009. The Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS) is managing the spending organized in the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD).
Germany (Federal states)
IACS-authority (federal state)
local authorities, e.g. local agricultural administrators or inspectors
a) Standards Used
XML, proprietary standards, Paper (PDF), CSV (ASCII), some ISO-norms
content given by the authorities
c) Regulation and legislation
EU-Regulation : Nr. 3508/1992 (IACS) & Nr. 1782/2003 (Payment)
d) Web- & Desktop-Applicationen / Pencil
different use case in the federal states, other technologies
The european farmes are supported rather by direct subsidies than through guaranteed prices. On this account the european member states are obliged to implement an Integrated Administrative and Control Systems (IACS) to properly manage and control the claims for crop - and animal – subsidies.
The IACS is an electronic register that contains all the information about each parcel required for cross-checking claims, including the identity of the holder, date of establishment, date of last activation, the origin (such as whether acquired by purchase, lease or inheritance) and the kind of entitlement, as well as their locations and accurate measurement.
There is a measurement tolerance of 5 percent of the parcel area or 1.5 metres to the perimeter, up to a maximum tolerance for each parcel of 1 hectare.
Applicant has to own payment entitlements and the amount of the subvention depends mainly on the agriculturally used area
Regulation and Legislation
- Verordnung über die Durchführung von Stützungsregelungen und des Integrierten Verwaltungs- und Kontrollsystems (InVeKoS-Verordnung - InVeKoSV)
Artikel 1 V. v. 03.12.2004 BGBl. I S. 3194; zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 2 V. v. 07.05.2010 eBAnz AT51 2010 V1; Geltung ab 10.12.2004
FNA: 7847-28-1; 7 Wirtschaftsrecht 78 Landwirtschaft und Ernährungswirtschaft 784 Marktordnung für Landwirtschaft und Ernährungswirtschaft 7847 Sonstige Marktordnungsvorschriften, EWG-Durchführungsbestimmungen
- Council Regulation (EEC) No 3508/92 of 27 November 1992 establishing an integrated administration and control system for certain Community aid schemes
- Council Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 of 29 September 2003 establishing common rules for direct support schemes under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers and amending Regulations (EEC) No 2019/93, (EC) No 1452/2001, (EC) No 1453/2001, (EC) No 1454/2001, (EC) 1868/94, (EC) No 1251/1999, (EC) No 1254/1999, (EC) No 1673/2000, (EEC) No 2358/71 and (EC) No 2529/2001
- Council Regulation (EC) No 1290/2005 of 21 June 2005 on the financing of the common agricultural policy
- Council Regulation (EC) No 247/2006 of 30 January 2006 laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union
- Council Regulation (EC) No 378/2007 of 27 March 2007 laying down rules for voluntary modulation of direct payments provided for in Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 establishing common rules for direct support schemes under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1290/2005
- Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 of 19 January 2009 establishing common rules for direct support schemes for farmers under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1290/2005, (EC) No 247/2006, (EC) No 378/2007 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003
Existing (software) solutions and the associated costs don't give much room for change. Furthermore the import of data from external sources is seen as major risk to data quality.
Open system have to deal with incorrect or inconsistent input. With regard to the legal relevance of the data in the request procedure the requirements concerning the quality control are very high.
The IACS authorities fear to invent a system that takes a lot of time and keep staff occupied. In some cases copyright restriction are another obstacle for an open treatment with data from the IACS procedure.
The authorities are not automatically the owner of all data, especially concerning geo data.
Mario Schmitz, KTBL (m.schmitz.ktbl.de)